Case studies in the sciences are used by scientists as part of their process of research. In the natural and life sciences, a typical case study involves an in-depth, up-close, and detailed investigation of an individual case. For instance, a typical case study in medicine could describe a particular individual who was treated for a certain disease, how a physician treated that individual, and finally the effects of the treatment. This type of case study also involves a discussion of what medical procedures were used on that patient and how these procedures affect the individual’s quality of life. When done properly, case studies help the reader gain more insight into the topic they have been presented with.
Case studies can be used in academia and within the business for a variety of reasons. However, the best use of case studies happens in the business world. There are several reasons why this is so. For one, they provide a very clear and concise explanation of how a business should conduct itself, what they should do to stay ahead of competition, and what methods they should use to achieve their goals. They also offer a clear and concise description of the product or service that they are selling.
While case studies in academic settings tend to be very focused and narrow, case studies in the business world tend to be much broader and far more complex in nature. While case studies in academic settings can usually focus on a specific company or industry, case studies in the business world can also cover multiple companies at once, can include multiple industries, can be multi-issue in nature, can be focused on a specific region, can be very broad in scope, or even include multiple types of products, can contain multiple types of services or solutions, can have many different parts, and dimensions, can cover a wide variety of topics, can have multiple aspects discussed the case study itself could not discuss or include, can include multiple aspects or discuss aspects that are not covered in the original article, and/or contain multiple aspects not mentioned in the original article.
Case studies in the academic setting are often very limited in scope. Many of the most thorough of case studies will only include a few or even none of the following items:
There are also a great number of case studies that do not include any scientific support. These case studies, while interesting to read about, are not very enlightening in any way. They are more interesting in the sense that they are an overview and some basic information on how the case was investigated and what it revealed.
Case studies in the business world are often more interesting because they are much more involved in what they say. They will also include many different parts of the case.
A number of case studies can include a variety of other items such as: a short history of the case, an analysis of its impact on the case, some case study questions, some case study examples, some case studies for research, the findings of the case, some case study comments or conclusions, case study conclusions, a number of recommendations, some case study tips and guidelines, case study recommendations, case study results, case studies for use in other articles, some case studies for use in a book, case studies for use in a magazine, and many other similar things. Some case studies can include a lot of the same things but in different sections, some case studies can be very broad and cover a large amount of information, some case studies can be very detailed but very limited in their scope, some case studies can be extremely detailed, but have very little information, and some case studies can even be completely missing or very vague in what they say or what they present. However, all case studies can provide a fascinating perspective into an area that has been a problem or concern to some people, or that is of particular interest to others.